Divrei HaRav

Matos-Masei / מטות-מסעי

Matos-Masei / מטות-מסעי

The possuk reads "you should be innocent in the eyes of HaShem and Yisroel". The Gemora in Shikalim derives from here an important fact of life, one should always be above suspicion. Since the possuk compares it to the obligation of being straightforward to HaShem, the sefer Taam V'daas learns from here that even one's thoughts should be above suspicion. Perhaps, this could be a source to Rav Safra. Rav Safra was reciting Shma and a potential buyer gave him an offer. He raised the price, thinking that Rav Safra was refusing his offer. In reality, he was saying Shma and could not respond. In the end, Rav Safra honored the original offer. This is innocence of thought.

Moshe Rabeinu drew up a conditional contract with the Bnei Gad and Bnei Reuven. However, although the half tribe of Menashe eventually received a portion on the eastern side of the Yarden, they did not seem to be in the discussions. The Brisker Rav explains this. The area of land that was under discussion with the Bnei Gad and Reuven was not part of the original land that was promised to Avrohom Avinu. It was destined to be divided equally by all of Yisroel, even the Kohanim. Since the two tribes wanted it as their own, this required a special contract, conditional on their participation. The half tribe of Menashe, however, was asking for a piece of land captured from the Kings Og and Sichon and was in reality part of the land promised to Avrohom Avinu and therefore could legitimately be apportioned to Menashe.

The possuk reads "Their departures to their journey, etc., and these are their journeys to their departures." The possuk changes the order. R' Chaim, shlita, describes their journeys in the desert. The 42 stops mentioned were probably not inhabited cities until the Bnei Yisroel camped there. Assisted with the water of the rock, and the "mon", they were able to establish cities that eventually became inhabited. In fact, the Bnei Yisroel probably named these cities. This then is the explanation. They first departed without any specific place of destination, for there were none. However, in recounting their travels, it says the travels (stops) after their departure.

The Possuk reads “you should be above suspicion and clean of guilt both from the eyes of Hashem and the eyes of your fellow man.” The Chasam Sofer pointed out that it is easier to fulfill the part about Hashem than the part about man. This is due to the fact that so many people harbor thoughts of mistrust for one another that it is almost impossible to escape their misplaced thoughts. He explained with this the statement of Shlomo Hamelech “there is no righteous man who will do good and not sin”. That is to say, that even when he does well, others will perceive it as sin. He adds that, although the tribes of Gad and Reuven did all that was in their power to allay suspicion about their motives, in the end they were the first to be exiled since, maybe, they were not successful enough.



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Tazria Metzora Achrei Mos Kedoshim Emor Behar Bechukosai Bamidbar Shavuos Naso Behalosicha Shilach Korach Chukas-Balak Pinchos Matos-Masei Devorim Voeschonon Ekev Reah Shoftim Ki Seitzei Ki Savo Nitzovim - Vayelech Rosh HaShana Haazinu-Yom Kippur Sukkos V'zos HaBrocha Breishis